In general, energy poverty represents a concept of reduced access to energy, especially to modern, sustainable energy. One of the global sustainable goals is related to ensuring access to affordable, reliable and modern energy for all.
Recent trends show that policy efforts have weakened in recent years. In other words, the improvements in energy efficiency that were seen in recent years are now slowing down as fewer new standards and policies were introduced in the past two years. This has contributed to the acceleration in energy demand growth that was observed in 2017.
Weather conditions last year were also responsible for almost a fifth of the increase in global energy demand. Cold snaps drove demand for heating and, more significantly, hotter summer temperatures pushed up demand for cooling.